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GENERAL ACQUISITION RELATED CONSIDERATIONS
This section includes material that is not specific to any of the identified security systems components
(Sections 3-9), but is of a more general nature. This section is roughly organized around the concept of a
project timeline. It begins with general background information about regulatory requirements (Section
10.2) that could be considered the root cause for implementing airport security. General considerations
related to security system acquisition, installation and implementation are addressed (Sections 10.3 to 10.5).
Other general topics that span multiple security systems are then addressed (Sections 10.6 to 10.10),
including: documentation, training, system testing, warranty and maintenance.
Federal, State, and Local Regulatory Requirements
TSA requires only that an airport security system meet all regulatory requirements; they do not specify the
manner in which that may be accomplished. Airport operators and best practices require that it be highly
reliable, relatively easy to maintain, possibly operable 24 hours daily in a cost effective manner, be capable
of reporting and recording all desired activities, be modular so as to enable expansion and upgrades, and
have a quick transaction speed and incorporate detection of non-authorized access. [Refer: Appendix A:
Standards as well as References]
49 Code of Federal Regulation Part 1542, Airport Security
49 CFR Part 1542 sets forth security performance requirements for airports, and is the basis for TSA airport
security audits. PACS system designs must address the requirements of 49 CFR Part 1542, and show how
they are met and in what detail for the particular airport environment.
49 CFR Part 1542 requires airport operators to adopt and carry out a security program approved by TSA.
It describes requirements for security programs, including establishing secured areas, air operations areas,
security identification display areas, and access control systems. This part also contains more specific
requirements for fingerprint-based criminal history record checks of specified individuals. TSA also
periodically issues additional Security Directives to airport operators under 49 CFR Part 1542.
49 CFR Part 1542 applies to each operator of an airport regularly serving scheduled passenger operations.
A full 21-element Airport Security Program (ASP) applies where aircraft operators conduct operations in
aircraft having a passenger seating configuration of more than 60 seats; smaller airports serving smaller
aircraft may have a shorter, but no less stringent, ASP. It requires the installation and use of a system,
method, or procedure that meets specified performance standards to control access to secured areas of the
airport. The following standards are currently set forth in 49 CFR Part 1542.207(a):
The system, method, or procedure shall ensure that only those individuals authorized to have
unescorted access to the secured area are able to gain entry;
The system, method, or procedure shall ensure that an individual is immediately denied entry to a
secured area when that person’s access authority for that area is withdrawn; and
The system, method, or procedure shall provide a means to differentiate between individuals
authorized to have access to an entire secured area and individuals authorized access to only a
particular portion of a secured area.
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