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The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) publishes standards for protocols and devices which
operate over the Internet including protocols for routing datagrams and Voice-over Internet
Protocol. An IETF standard is a special Request for Comments (RFC) or a set of RFCs.
The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) – publishes a wide range of standards and often
jointly publishes telecommunication standards with the TIA. ANSI and its largely European
counterpart, the International Standards Organization (ISO) also publish complementary standards
or cross-reference their standards.
o ANSI/TIA-568C Commercial Building Telecommunication Standard
o ANSI/TIA-569 Commercial Building Standard for Telecommunications Pathways and
National Institutes of Science and Technology (NIST) publishes standards and guidelines, known
as Special Publications, for facility, communication, and network security which are mandatory for
Federal agencies unless exempted in PL 107-296, The Homeland Security Act. Although U.S.
airports are generally not obligated to follow NIST standards, these documents represent a
significant resource for airports to use in modeling security programs and especially for wireless
National Fire Protection Association standards are frequently adapted and revised by local, state
and federal bodies for fire code regulation purposes.
o NFPA-72 National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code
o NFPA-75 Standard for the Protection of Electronic Computer/Data Processing Equipment
o NFPA-101 Life Safety Code
Building Industry Consulting Service International (BICSI) provides the definitive reference
manual – known as the TDMM - for telecommunications and information communications
technology infrastructure design.
o BICSI Telecommunications Distribution Methods Manual (13th
Department of Justice American Disability Act (ADA) 28 CFR Part 36 - ADA Standards for
Wireless spectrum allocations and frequency assignments within the U.S. are controlled by the Federal
Communications Commission (FCC). The FCC’s rules and regulations are contained in Title 47 of the
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). An online version of the FCC Rules is available at the GPO e-CFR
The FCC regulates broadcast stations, amateur radio operators, and repeater stations as well as commercial
broadcasting operators who operate and repair certain radiotelephone, television, radar, and Morse code
radio stations. In recent years it has also licensed people who maintain or operate GMDSS stations.
Under FCC Rules, certain devices, commonly known as unlicensed devices, are exempt from regulation
and may be freely used so long as they conform to technical standards established in Part 15 by the FCC.
For wireless LANs operating in the Wi-Fi bands of 3 GHz and 5 GHZ, peak power and radiated signal
strength limits have been established which limit wireless coverage.
The electromagnetic spectrum includes radio and light, which travel in the form of waves. Frequency,
measured in Hz (Hertz), is generally used in referring to radio signals in the range from 3 KHz to 300 GHz,
and wavelength, measured in microns or nanometers, is generally used for light.
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