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components, and unifying internal and external interfaces to enhance operator situational awareness and
proficiency in system operation.
It requires both a keen understanding of the technical capabilities and limitations of the components to be
integrated, and the relationship those systems bear to each other and the system as a whole as well as the
information that an operator needs and can really use.
As an ideal, an integrated security system should include all relevant technology systems that serve to
protect the airport, from the Security Operations Center out to the perimeter. It should accomplish this
objective by enabling operating and public safety personnel information and control from major systems
like: access control; perimeter intrusion detection; video surveillance; networked infrastructure and other
technology functions. Integration should address airport operational functions including deterrence,
mitigation, response, and recovery capabilities for multiple security events as well as single events.
Well-conceived, tested, and executed integration can provide the airport operator with several benefits:
Improved Situational Awareness: On-going monitoring of a situation can be enhanced using
information from door activity, fence sensors, video surveillance, networked communications, GIS
overlaid on airport maps and terminal drawings, weather, news, and even flight management
functions. Compilation of such information manually can be challenging.
Improved Operating and Security Efficiencies: Integration automation can streamline common
steps for event management and enable security operators to correlate information across systems
for greater situational intelligence. Analytic engines can coordinate functional presentations of
PIDS, PACS, video and other security elements for more effective information management.
Legacy System Incorporation: Integration platforms can assist in the migration of legacy systems
which involve different vendors, types of equipment, and software.
Improved Utilization by a Range of Stakeholders: System design can provide for data access and
utilization by a broader range of stakeholders, protected by safeguards and permissions built into
an integrated system.
Integration can also introduce complexities into system design which are best mitigated by the careful
determination of operational requirements (the ConOps process, described in Section 1), technical
specifications that address component compatibility details, and proof-of-integration testing.
A Value Proposition
Integration should be treated as a value proposition, resulting from detailed analyses of the benefits to be
realized and the cost of achieving those benefits. Cost analysis should include total life cycle costs of
software and hardware, as well as impacts on security operations and other operations. Those impacts
include personnel costs of operator qualifications requirements and training. Benefits should include time
savings and operational efficiencies achieved by integration.
Accomplishing complete integration can be challenging. It will require diligent planning and management
by the airport. The following are suggestions to avoid downstream problems are based on experience and
Allow familiarization time for the airport staff, and its contractors, to fully understand what is
needed to realize the benefits of an integrated system.
o During Pre–design, develop a detailed understanding of current system functions and the
improvements desired by stakeholders.
o During Implementation, prepare stakeholders for operational process and cultural changes
using workshops and demonstrations of the new technologies to be used.
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