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Standards, Regulations and Guidelines Applicable to Airport Access Control Systems
Standards provide a common ground for all airport systems to design around. Standards aid in the design
of airport security and identity systems in that they provide a minimum set of requirements that must be
met in terms of best practices.
There are a number of different standards, regulations and guidelines that are applicable to airport security.
Several are listed below with their descriptions and how they apply to the airport environment.
Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 201
FIPS 201 Personal Identity Verification (PIV) program is the basis used by the U.S. federal Executive
branch of government to define minimum requirements for trusted identity vetting and the card issuance
system as well as the technology and operational requirements for appropriate use of the PIV card. The
airport credential may make use of this standard in conjunction with the following guidance from the
Federal CIO Council on PIV-Interoperable cards.
FIPS 201 is currently in the process of being updated.
Personal Identity Verification Interoperability for Non-Federal Issuers
Among the many items that FIPS 201 defines is the standard for the PIV card for Federal issuers, the Federal
CIO Council-defined guidance (not a government or commercial standard, per se) for issuers of a PIV
Interoperable (or PIV-I) card. This guidance basically outlines what information as defined in FIPS 201
must be encoded on the card in order to easily distinguish the CIV and PIV-I from the PIV card.
Furthermore, PIV-I requires that the issuer be certified by a known and trusted root certificate authority.
Underwriter Laboratories (UL) 294
UL is a global independent safety science company offering services across five key strategic businesses:
Product Safety, Environment, Life & Health, Knowledge Services and Verification Services. UL develops
standards for product safety and performance on recommendation by the UL Councils. UL’s Councils
provide valuable advice to support UL’s mission of public safety, health and protection of the environment.
Council members assist and advise UL in the establishment of safety requirements that reflect realistic
considerations of expertise, field experience and practical judgment.
UL 294 Standard for Access Control System Units and its requirements apply to the construction,
performance, and operation of systems intended to regulate or control: entry into a secure area, or access to
or the use of a device or devices by electrical, electronic or mechanical means. It should be noted that these
requirements apply to computer equipment that, when used in conjunction with the main control, is
necessary for proper operation of the access control system – this Standard does not apply to supplementary
computer equipment that is not necessary for operation of the access control system. UL 294 references
many other UL requirements for individual component safety, for example.
Underwriter Laboratories (UL) 1076
UL 1076 Standard for Proprietary Burglar Alarm Units and Systems and its requirements apply to the
construction, performance and operation of equipment intended for use in proprietary burglar alarm units
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