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Next Generation Identification (NGI)
The FBI’s Next Generation Identification (NGI) system, which was developed by the FBI’s Criminal
Justice Information Services (CJIS) division, is now fully operational
and has replaced the previous FBI
Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS). NGI is now used to support CHRC
screening in support of airport identity management and credentialing systems.
Two newer NGI services announced in 2014 are the Rap Back Program and the Interstate Photo Systems
(IPS). Rap Back is now fully operational and available to airport operators on a voluntary basis. However,
the IPS is not available to airport operators as of this writing. These NGI enhancements are expected to
significantly enhance existing credentialing processes.
Rap Back is a recurrent criminal vetting functionality that provides authorized entities the ability
to receive ongoing status notifications of subsequent reported activity associated with fingerprints
of vetted individuals holding positions of trust, such as airport workers.
The IPS facial recognition service will provide the nation’s law enforcement community with an
investigative tool that provides an image-searching capability of photographs associated with
criminal identities. This effort is a significant step forward for the criminal justice community in
utilizing biometrics as an investigative enabler.
As enhancements to identity management systems develop, airport operators are advised to monitor these
programs in anticipation of adapting to more efficient, safe and secure means to support credential
In recent years, the federal government has implemented a comprehensive tamper-resistant biometric-
enabled smart card credentialing system for federal workers and contractors in accordance with Homeland
Security Presidential Directive (HSPD) 12. The initiative is known as the Personal Identity Verification
(PIV) Program and is designed in accordance with a technical standard issued by the National Institute of
Standards and Technology (NIST) known as the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 201-2.
The Real Identification Act of 2005 (REAL ID) [Refer: Pub. L. 109–13] is a federal identity management
initiative which bears consideration by airport operators. While this statute does not directly affect airport
credentialing and identity management programs, it does impact the traveling public and may provide some
lessons learned on credentialing and identity management processes. This initiative involves the
enhancement of procedures for states in the issuance of driver’s licenses and state issued identification
The focus of REAL ID is on the issuance of state identity credentials meeting the REAL ID requirements.
It has been a controversial measure with some states resisting the imposition of requirements altogether.
With most states in various stages of REAL ID compliance, there are several models that airport operators
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